Haiku #62-3 Rough and Rowdy Dylan


Here’s lookin’ at ya, kid!

Listening to Dylan’s latest ‘Rough and Rowdy Ways’ released last year as a virus swept across the world throughout the West from the East, he seems to have developed a uniquely individual voice that is also fully in touch with his country and his times – the inner experience of which he helped shape as much as anyone. And because of his love of Biblical and literary symbology, it is also a transcendent voice expressing the cultural soul of the the past two millennia placing it far beyond the narrow preoccupations of today’s vicissitudes. So he’s in the thick of it as well as viewing the whole mess from the mountaintop. This appreciation for the importance of view is what separates him from most contemporary artists who tend to emphasize individual expression above all else or who are mere technicians who have developed a particular style which they become identifided with. Some songs seem to be a summation or last farewell but Dylan has never bought into sentimentality and is clearly neither clinging to life nor avoiding death. The consummate bard, he dwells wisely and joyfully in between, equally at home in the dark and the light. The opening song “Murder most Foul” about JFK’s assassination released on March 27th 2020 is extraordinary and seemed an elder’s clear and present warning of dark days coming which indeed turned out to be the case as we are now witnessing the possible passing of the Western civilization.

From the song whose title is the last line:

I traveled from the mountains to the sea

I hope that the gods go easy with me

I knew you’d say yes, I’m saying it too

I’ve made up my mind to give myself to you.

And from ‘I crossed the Rubicon:’

I stood between Heaven and Earth

And crossed the Rubicon.

It’s always darkest before the dawn.

I turned a key and broke it off

And crossed the Rubicon…

The killing frost is on the ground

And all the leaves are gone

I lit the torch and I looked to the East

And I crossed the Rubicon


Throughout the album there is a sense that the world we were born into is tinged with darkness and already now fading in the rear view mirror leaving a bitter-sweet taste along with the lingering perfume of an old man’s hard-won wisdom.


A couple of haiku mentally composed whilst taking in the welcome Mexican December sun and listening to the first few songs….

birds grasping the power lines
here today
gone tomorrow

#62 17/12/2021

breath by breath passion ever yearns
for the impossible purchase
of unending permanence:
such poignancy!

#63 17/12/2021

Murder most Foul: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kfP5Es07vik

Haikus #57 – 61 Hammocking

Author Hammocking

screeching, swooping birds
teaching me the joys
of hammocking.

#57 16/12/2021

mind mixed in sky
making moving patterns
mixing eyes, sight and mind

#58 16/12/2021

(At one point there were thirty!)

thirty birds
sitting on the wires
watching me:
one reality

#59 16/12/2021

seventeen birds on the wires
all of us together
enjoying old man Dylan’s
Modern Times

#60 16/12/2021

clouds come clouds go
birds come birds go
we come we all go

#61 16/12/2021

Buddhism 101 Series #3 Karma

Small acorns…

In a note it was mentioned that an Article on the notion of samsara would be upcoming but I’m waiting for an angle, a way to present it in an interesting fashion.
Generally, am interested in presenting these Buddhism-related topics not to provide a course on or proselytize Buddhism rather share things I’ve found interesting which are rarely found elsewhere. I was involved in a prominent Buddhist community for two decades before moving on but along the way picked up many things which stuck. Plus it’s interesting to see how well or poorly I can articulate them. Often the official explanations and commentaries of such key topics end up being overly abstract in ways which distance a reader or practitioner from understanding the material in any ordinary, everyday context.

In any case, something came up in conversation which seems worth a short piece especially since it includes a short story from real life, so here goes:

Buddhism 101 Series #3: Karma, one aspect of

First, as is now the tradition with these Buddhism 101 Articles, let us examine a classic definition. Rather than go to Wikipedia or a Western dictionary, this time let’s visit https://encyclopediaofbuddhism.org/wiki/Karma. Indeed, this entry is so much better than the ones cited previously that I paste it in at length even though these Articles are supposed to be quite short. That said, this one too leaves a little to be desired in terms of linking to ordinary life examples which hopefully this Article will – albeit only slightly – remedy.

“Karma [alt. karman] (P. kamma; T. las; C. ye; J. gō 業) is a Sanskrit term that literally means “action” or “doing”. The term is used within the Buddhist tradition in two senses:
On the specific level, karma refers to those actions which spring from the volition (cetanā; also “urge” or “intention”) of a sentient being. Karmic actions are compared to a seed that will inevitably ripen into a fruition (referred to as vipāka or phala in Sanskrit and Pali).
On the general level, contemporary Buddhist teachers frequently use the term karma when referring to the entire process of karmic action and fruition.
In the Buddhist view, developing a genuine, experiential understanding of karmic action and fruition—how all of one’s actions are like planting seeds that will eventually bear fruit—is an essential aspect of the Buddhist path. Karmic actions are considered to be the engine which drives the cycle of uncontrolled rebirth (samsara); correspondingly, a complete understanding of karmic action and fruition enables beings to free themselves from samsara and attain liberation.
Within Buddhism, the theory of karmic action and fruition (karmaphala) is identified as part of the broader doctrine of dependent origination (pratityasamutpada), which states that all phenomena arise in dependence upon multiple causes and conditions. The theory of karmic action and fruition is a specific instance of this broader doctrine that applies specifically to sentient beings–when there is a volition (cetanā) behind an action, then the action is karmic action (or seed) that will eventually bear fruition. Every action of body, speech, or mind is considered to be karmic action, and the determining factor in the quality of one’s actions is our intention or motivation.
In the Buddhist view, karmic fruition is not considered to be a “judgment” imposed by a God or other all-powerful being; rather, this fruition is considered to be the outcome of a natural process. Contemporary Buddhist teacher Khandro Rinpoche explains:
Buddhism is a nontheistic philosophy. We do not believe in a creator but in the causes and conditions that create certain circumstances that then come to fruition. This is called karma. It has nothing to do with judgment; there is no one keeping track of our karma and sending us up above or down below. Karma is simply the wholeness of a cause, or first action, and its effect, or fruition, which then becomes another cause. In fact, one karmic cause can have many fruitions, all of which can cause thousands more creations. Just as a handful of seed can ripen into a full field of grain, a small amount of karma can generate limitless effects.[1]

In the Buddhist view, the relationship between a single action and its karmic fruition is dependent upon a nearly infinite number of subsidiary causes and conditions; thus, the ability to precisely predict the results for any single action is considered to be beyond the comprehension of ordinary beings. According to the Buddhist tradition, it was only at the time of his Enlightenment that the Buddha gained a complete understanding of the workings of karma. Thus, it is taught that only one who has achieved the mental range of the Buddha (referred to as omniscience) would be able to precisely predict the outcome specific actions. Indeed, the Buddha indicated that worrying over the precise results of specific actions is a counterproductive exercise that will only increase one’s suffering or anxiety. He identified this type of worrying as one of the four imponderables.
Nevertheless, the Buddha emphasized the importance of understanding the nature of karma on a general level. He taught that wholesome actions (free from attachment, aversion, and ignorance) lead to happiness and eventually to liberation; and unwholesome actions (based in attachment, aversion and ignorance) lead to suffering. Developing a genuine, experiential understanding of karma on this level is considered to be an essential aspect of the Buddhist path.
The Buddha also described the karmic process in more detail in his teachings on the twelve links of dependent origination—a series of conditional factors that illustrate how the karmic process unfolds within an individual life. The Buddhist tradition emphasizes contemplating the twelve links and related teachings on the karmic process in order to gain greater insight into the process of karmic action and fruition. It is believed that this insight enables a practitioner to unravel their habitual ways of thinking and reacting.”

Note how this definition mentions the ‘interdependencies galore’ principle in the second article of this series…. (just sayin’…)

Back when I was majoring in Theatre at University, the head of that department had an affair with Chrissie, the prettiest girl in the class, a natural platinum blond with snow white skin and large blue eyes. Although a little (and hopelessly) besotted with her mainly she and I and one other lady hung out together as first year student buddies. Towards the end of the second term shortly before spring, Chrissie told us, in tears, that she had had a brief, secret fling with the head teacher and was now pregnant and he wanted nothing further to do with her and wanted her to get an abortion and keep the whole thing secret. She was extremely upset and taking it badly. We were all around eighteen years old and not nearly as mature and sophisticated as we thought: babes in the woods suddenly confronting an adult situation requiring an adult response. What we later did, though not without flair, failed to meet that challenge, though as I slowly came to realize decades later, it changed my life forever.

Lemon Meringe Pie – a true life-changing agent!

We bought a lemon meringue pie and when the next day we were performing an already scheduled improvised skit, I went up to the teacher perched on his high stool at the side of the proscenium stage and pushed that pie firmly into his face whilst excoriating him in public for his dishonorable treatment of our fellow student Chrissie. He said nothing to any of us but at the end of the term only a few weeks later I found I had been given an ‘F’ and because it was the main class in my Major, it basically meant my entire year and the entire Major were shot. So I took the advice of a faculty member who ran a once a week class in Transcendental Meditation to check out an ashram a couple of hours drive away rather than remain in a University system for which I was so clearly unsuited. He was quite right that I wouldn’t fare well in that university in that place at that time but the irony is that I personally loved study and if I had chosen a different field in a different school and a different place I probably would have done quite well and laid the foundations for a more conventional career, quite likely ending up as a professor teaching at university or some such.

Be that as it may, this event which lasted for only a few seconds, namely thrusting a lemon meringue pie into the face of the teacher and calling him out in public, changed my life forever.

This is a very simple, direct example of karma as described in the opening blurb. “Just as a handful of seed can ripen into a full field of grain, a small amount of karma can generate limitless effects.” Actually, there are many different types and descriptions of karma. Sometimes it is fairly obvious: if you point the gun at someone and pull the trigger, you can kill them; if you drive off the road at high speed you will crash; if you shout at your boss every day (let alone throw a pie in his face!) you will get fired; if you and your spouse spend all day every day shouting at each other you will be unhappy and emotionally unstable and probably be alcoholics.

However, sometimes large effects can happen from small causes. Take the classic example of a seed: when you look at a small acorn in the palm of your hand it looks nothing like the mighty oak it will later become, with its huge root networks below and thousands of leaves, small branches, main branches and majestic trunk above, not to mention all the scenes it weathers and witnesses, endless cloud formations, sunny and overcast days, thunderstorms, the passing of generations under its benevolent shade and presence, battles or wedding parties.

Interdependencies coemergently unfolding

Another example is that of using a lever. If you place a simple crowbar under a large round rock on top of a hill you can easily dislodge that rock which then rolls down the hill and kills many sheep, a dog and several children playing in their back yard before smashing into a small home and causing one side to collapse. All this disaster and death from simply using both hands to push a relatively small iron bar about six inches down.

Now in the initial description from the Encyclopedia the emphasis is on the spiritual dimension of karma, specifically the intent involved and the types of emotional and spiritual after-effects of any given action, aka karma. (Note how the word karma refers to both the cause and the result, not just the result.) My last two examples are somewhat literal but these straightforward physical examples accurately represent how psychological, emotional, social, spiritual and other karmic repercussions play out as well, though they are perhaps less easy to spot or describe.

So that’s enough for this short Article. Thousands of books have been written about it, though few in English. I just wanted to share a story from everyday life namely how a relatively small seed or action can engender long-term karmic consequences. ..

Mighty Oak

Haibun #2 Torii Take Two

The first post on this contained much explanation of various features and principles involving Toriis. This one takes all that for granted and is more of an actual Haibun which is a combination of prose piece and accompanying haiku. I place the haiku immediately beneath the image so the two can be contemplated together after the prose piece has been digested.

forever facing East
mirroring golden sun from heaven
rippling flaming lake

From a Diary fragment written in the early 1900’s recovered recently by the author’s granddaughter who lives today near this area:

“In Great Grandfather’s time before the Restoration, when topknots still commanded respect and samurai walked with samurai swagger, our collective sense of Dharma was strong, as strong as the presence of Death which every warrior embraces every moment of every day. Our great Daimyo observed both Shinto and Buddhist protocols not out of mere duty but from his profound realization of sacred perception. The area around the bay featured several monasteries and lovely gardens where both nobles and common people could contemplate Nature and practice zazen. Any small vessel entering this area by sea had to pass through this Torii. (Larger vessels used port facilities further down the coast.) The Torii thus served as a portal through which those from outside attuned themselves to enter this particular domain where our Daimyo and his people were practicing the Dharma of seeing all phenomena as a self-existing display within a collective mandala of sacred wakefulness. Some call this Enlightened Society. This Torii, seemingly floating free in the middle of a body of water, immediately communicates such sacred perception. Locals jokingly called it the Samsara-Nirvana* Gate, the idea being that those coming from outside were samsaric but once they passed through its portal they were sufficiently purified to appreciate the sacred mandala on the other side.”

The seed syllable notice on the Torii contains five main characters: Man journeying – samsara – letting go/renunciation – liberation/rebirth – fresh zen mind. Translated into poetic form they can read:

weary traveler
journeying through endless samsara
abandon your collected burden to the deep
and be here reborn:
fresh, awake and naked!

Ekphrastic Afterthought:



the journey is the goal
endless journeying
one portal into another


* Note: there will soon be another Buddhism 101 Article about Samsara and Nirvana – more great notions like mandala for which there are no obvious western equivalents.

Hexagram Note: The first photograph, amongst many other things, presents an image of Fire within a Lake which is Hexagram 49 Molting as in a snake molting its skin which is some sense of renewal, revolution. A fitting condition with which to enter a situation ‘fresh, awake and naked!’

Haibun #2 Torii

Torii are portals from one zone into another which can also represent shifts in awareness or mandala. Traditionally the ends on top are angled upwards, as with most roof structures in Asia, to summon the kami of sacred presence which are sensed as blessings descending from above. Japan’s imperial founding kami is Amaterasu-omi-kami, a female deity seen in primordial dawn in a cosmic mirror represented on many shinto shrines as a small round mirror standing vertically on a shrine. This entire world is like a reflection meaning there are two sides to every manifestion each as valid as the other, the same yet different. Shamans can see the future by peering into such mirrors for the future is a reflection of the present – the same yet different – because of course mirrors are portals too…

amaterasu mirror on shinto shrine

The shape of the Torii resembles Hexagram #20 Contemplation/View. The old visual symbols for this hexagram involve an eye. The two solid lines sitting above four broken lines indicate a high tower from which a king can survey his domain; but whilst he is above surveying those below, those below can also view him above, so there is both seeing and being seen. Contemplation into the nature of reality always cuts both ways: looking into one’s own self-nature reveals other-nature at the same time since ultimately there is no self or other for we are all part of the same Nature.

The Torii in this picture is clearly symbolic in form and function. Practically speaking it does not serve as a gate into or out of anything. Except it does: it creates a perceptual shift indicating that the mandala on one side of the gate is different from the mandala on the other side. Although it is all one reality, it is also two. The lower gates face the side directions making four. Then also Heaven and Earth above and below naturally in place – with Earth here lake water as well as hills and mountains.

This is a portal from nowhere into nowhere or if you prefer: from somewhere into somewhere else. It demonstrates the admirable marriage of imagination, discipline and sacred perception that characterizes this great people some of whom were inspired to build this lovely Torii in the middle of a lake.

The angle of shadow shows us this Torii is facing East. Each moment of awareness is a fresh new dawn so dawning awareness always faces East. Finally, note the panel between the two upper beams with writing: the seed syllable principle in action.


forever facing East
mirroring golden sun from heaven
into rippling flames in lake


More Torii from https://www.ronrosenstock.com/the-galleries#/japan-1 :

Portals into portals into portals…unique steps all on the same journey…


the journey is the goal
endless journeying
one portal into another


Lastly, a Torii functioning as a bona fide entryway into a particular mandala, in this case that of a Temple.

Torii portal into Temple grounds…

Hexagram quibble: some might argue that the superstructure shows a top solid line, a broken line and then a lower solid line beneath which are no solid lines just two vertical legs making all broken lines. That would be Fire above, Earth below which depicts the Sun (Fire) rising above the Earth below (Hexagram #35). So this is called Great Progress though it could also be called Sunrise or Great Eastern Sun.

Editor’s Quibble: this piece was supposed to be a Haibun but ended up being an Article about Torii and related matters. Oh well. An actual Haibun follows in the next post.

Where did all our Countries go?


Walked to the edge of the world
staring into the Great Beyond
how have we come to this?
How do the world’s minion many
march in lockstep in goose-step
over the hills and far away
far beyond our hopes and fears
far beyond our imagined utopias
or dystopias
or myopias?

French furniture polish
may very well smell very nice
reassure us with olfactory recollections
of civilized normalcy
from the days when eggs
packed powerful nutritive punch
when pigs squealed as they were slaughtered
somewhere hidden in the village
where crows mutter in their murders
plotting dark deeds in foulsome labyrinths
in ways which ordinary decent folk
find shuddering,
for Evil is their middle name
and making us all slaves is their central aim.

Politics are paralysing.
Sickness endemic to such
harsh task masters
governing our every move
such that all are stillness
and with stillness
given that resistance is futile
as Star Trek has so well taught us

though two little humble hobbits
stumbling around in the wild
might beg to differ.

I remember English country gardens
I remember large, dense and crisply juicy potatoes.
I remember Irish bacon and sausages
and Irish butter
and Scottish steel cut oats
fermenting in humble peasant kitchen drawers
slightly sour so ever fresh
good British real ale beer
the stars and stripes
battle-weary, waving in storm-crossed winds
defiant and somehow chipper
though streaked with the blood of
friends and enemies gripped in the same embrace
of glorious struggle.

A far cry from today’s collectively abject surrender.
Where did our people go?
Have we all marched down to oblivion
following the Pied Piper of MegaTech Trillionaires
now hell bent on injecting us all
with their poisons gone viral?

Nostalgia is for those who long for their past to return in glory.
We have forgotten our past and cannot even muster simple nostalgia.
We are the forgotten ones,
the hesitant ones,
the aimless ones,
the heartless ones,
the obedient ones,
the frightened ones,
the reasonable ones,
the subservient ones,
the confident ones,
the well-meaning ones,
the far-flung ones,
the exhausted ones,
the bankrupted ones,
the betrayed ones,
the puzzled ones,
the school-age ones
the retired ones
the gifted ones
the stupid ones
the loyal ones
the disloyal ones
the complacent ones
the compliant ones
the consenting ones
the questioning ones
the questioning ones
the questioning ones.

Where did all our countries go?

Sunday Dec 5 2021
Veracruz, Mexico

Haibun #1

Sunday congregants chanting in line on a neighboring hill

On arriving at our new property the first time alone after purchase, after parking the car we look up to see on the hillside across from ours in the narrow valley are two lines of congregants all dressed in white and chanting. Apparently this ritual takes place every Sunday. At first we were disappointed; later we accepted there is no geographical place of refuge from humanity’s insatiable need to be always adding layers of complexity, the spinning wheel of samsara.


chanting congregants in white

walking in single file

on ancient hill

who has heard it all before

and remains unmoved.

#1 1/12/2021


This photo gives a better view of the hill from our parking area but before they got into two columns, chanting. Later they played music which sounded a little like Sunday school for adults because of so many well-known childrens’ songs in the mix.

congregants mustering on hilltop

A haibun is another Japanese poetic form consisting of an introductory prose piece followed by a complementary haiku-style verse. I learned about it today from https://naturalistweekly.com/2021/12/01/basho-the-narrow-road-and-haibun/, for which thanks.

Article 49 Seed Syllables

Seed Syllable HUM – What on earth is this??!!

Article 49 Seed Syllables

Many articles ago, the incredibly ingenious notion of ‘mandala’ was introduced. Here follows a supplemental. The picture above shows a traditional ‘seed syllable’ but don’t let it scare you off: this article goes into a mundane understanding of the notion which not only helps those familiar with esoteric symbols like this but also is quite interesting in contemplating daily life dynamics or as a general insight of use to practicing artists.

Our universe comprises no end of interdependent mutually intertwining mandalas. The house mandala includes the kitchen, bathroom, bedroom, living room, basement, attic and garden mandalas – not to mention the various mandalas of past present and future individuals living therein; and the house mandala is within larger containing street, neighbourhood, town, region, nation, continental and planetary mandalas. And so ad infinitum.

But each mandala has something defining about it that distinguishes it from the smaller and larger mandalas with which it is interdependently intertwined.
In esoteric yogic language the essence of this something is called a ‘seed syllable.’ It is said that everything has its own seed syllable. What is that? This is similar to Plato’s Logos which is Idea behind Form. Before a horse can be born into this visible world, the idea of a horse has to be there. In scientific terms we might say that the DNA code must first be figured out before the DNA molecule can be formed.

That is why the Bible starts with ‘in the beginning was the Word.’ Word, idea, speech. Speech is some sort of message coming forth into the world of form from the formless realms, a first utterance, a primordial burp albeit in this case already intelligent and containing within it, as with a seed, all the preconditions needed for a fruitional outcome to unfold.

We can hear speech or read speech but we cannot locate a word in time or space. It just is. This is similar to other intangible but real phenomena like our experiences of love, courage, honour, cowardice, inspiration, patriotism, disgust, greed and so forth. They are real, but you cannot measure them or locate them. However, they too have seed syllables for every such intangible, even if formless, nevertheless has particular qualities.

The kitchen is a place made of physical forms such as floors, ceilings, stoves, sinks, counter tops, shelves, cupboards, utensils and so forth. But the experience of any given kitchen is something existing on the formless speech realm too as each kitchen feels different and therefore has a different unique and particular ‘seed syllable.’

classic country kitchen mandala

Sometimes they are referred to as ‘spirits’ or ‘gods.’ This is because there is a wakeful, sentient aspect. A kitchen mandala is not a purely objective experience. At the same time, it is not a living person per se either. Rather it is a living something in between, much like any good painting or work of art or special moment in time. And of course because mandala, like a work of art, is something experienced – versus being an objective separate entity out there somewhere – there is always an awareness quotient involving presence or atmosphere.

So the seed syllable is the quintessential character of any given mandala, or presence field. Any time we take in a particular atmosphere involving a person, place, thing or situation we are instantly tuning into the seed syllable principle. And if you can begin to catch them on the spot whilst being aware that you doing so you might find that every mandala is a live tiger filled with vigor, bristling with presence – and a powerfully intimate teacher to boot.

The world is always speaking to us. Do we hear its many voices coming to us through the alphabet of innumerable seed syllables?

As with prior Buddhism 101 Articles, just for contrast let us look at a classical explanation of the term ‘seed syllable:’ (from wikipedia)

“In Vajrayana Buddhism and Hinduism, the term bīja is used for mystical “seed syllables” contained within mantras. These seeds do not have precise meanings, but are thought to carry connections to spiritual principles. The best-known bīja syllable is Om, first found in the Hindu scriptures the Upanishads. Khanna (2003: p. 21) links mantras and yantras to thoughtforms:
“Mantras, the Sanskrit syllables inscribed on yantras, are essentially ‘thought forms’ representing divinities or cosmic powers, which exert their influence by means of sound-vibrations.”

There is nothing wrong with the above explanation except that it is arcane and targeted towards a limited audience of those doing esoteric tantric visualisation practices. As such it fails to really describe how all this relates to ordinary experience. Hopefully, the above article gives you a better idea of the ‘spiritual principles’ to which seed syllables ‘carries connections.’

If you are interested in artistic expressions you might find tuning into seed syllables extremely helpful. Anything you are witnessing, such as even clothes draped over a chair in the bedroom, has its cluster of particularities which together create some sort of something, moment or presence. And that ‘something’ is a mandala whose particular quality or atmosphere is its ‘seed syllable.’ If you try to paint or write about any essential something you will find that tuning into this seed syllable principle helps reveal its core character helping to bring it alive; indeed it may start telling you things you would never think of unless you first opened up to saying hello in the first place.

Traditional Still Life – a presence study

Recently, have been tuning into the various seed syllables (or essential character if your prefer) of various NFL teams. Some of them are clear, others are muddied. More on that later. Maybe we’ll have a prediction of outcomes based on strength of seed syllable manifestation, i.e. the degree to which the team not only has a clear seed syllable to start with but is also manifesting in line with it, i.e. being true to its essential character. One example to get us going whilst ending this short article:

Buffalo Bills. A seed syllable sketch.

Buffalo Bills logo

Buffalo is the NY State city with most amount of snow in US. The buffalo is a powerful old breed animal with thick coat keeping it warm in winter. It has legs which are a tad short and stumpy for so powerful a body. They are firerce when cornered and almost unstoppable when charging as a herd.

How the Buffalo Bills team should be when aligned with it’s core character or ‘seed syllable:’ They should have the best Offensive and Defensive lines in the league able to mass together and charge their opponents and trample them down. That should be the core. They should be a running team on offense with powerful backs, some of whom are short. They should not be overly fancy with complicated schemes rather simply running down the other side.

How close do they have it? It seems they are over-emphasizing the passing game because of their dynamic, well-built quarterback Josh Allen. He suits an ideal Buffalo Bills team but is not running one because of the emphasis on the pass. Their defense is ranked #18 out of 32. So they don’t have strong offense and defense lines and thus are not playing true to seed syllable character. They are a very good team but will not go all the way this year until they get that right.